It doesn't matter if we live in a big city or in a small town. We all have to learn how to manage in the best way possible our waste, throwing away our stuff less and better. Not all the resources we use to live are renewable, for this reason recycling all we can recuperate isn't only important but also obligatory.
In fact the government set the target of the 40% of recycling percentage to reach within the 31/12/2007; within the 2008 the 50%; within the 2009 the 60%.
The separate collection of rubbish and the recycle
The separate collection of rubbish and the recycle allow the decrease of pollutant emissions notably and contrast this way the greenhouse effect.
800g of separated paper at home and disposed through the separate collection are enough to save 1 kg di CO2 in the atmosphere.
With the ricycle, waste material which can't be used for a purpose can be used for another different one. With the restoration, instead, the waste can't be recycled can be used for the production of different kind of objects.
These processes not only produce an economical benefit, saving about the garbage disposal expenses, but raise the energetic saving and evinronment safeguard, decreasing the use of raw materials and natural resources.
To produce, collect, allot any kind of material good, we use - infact - energy, water, natural resources and clean air; thus it's less expensive, from all the points of views, the recovery of the materials instead of using raw materials again and again.
The classification of waste
There are several ways to class the waste. There are the urban rubbish, which are the domestic ones and those which come from the streets, parks and gardens, and the special waste, those ones which come from industrial, hand-crafted, commercial activities and from out of use machineries.
Moreover waste can be distinguished between dangerous, when they content or discharge harmful matters for our health, and not dangerous, if they aren't damaging for health. In fine waste can be classified as organic or inorganic.
Organic waste come from organisms, plant-animal, like cooking scraps (junk food, waste matter, fruit and vegetable scruffs, eggshells), withered flowers and leaves, etc.
Organic waste can be decomposed and for this reason they are called biodegradable. Refined into apposite systems, they become COMPOST, useful for farming.
In other cases organic waste can be collected and sealed in big containers called digestori, where the absence of oxigen allows the rot by bacteriums which produce biogas containing methane, subsequently used to produce energy.
Inorganic waste, instead, don't decompose themselves easily. They are mainly WASTEPAPER and PAPERBOARD, PLASTIC, GLASS and METAL.
These materials are managed in different ways depending on their features: they can be sold off in garbage dumps, burned-out by incenerators, managed in other kind of systems to be recycled for a new use.
LET'S SAVE THE FORESTS, LET'S SAVE WATER AND ENERGY!
MORE PAPER IS CARDBOARD WE PICK UP
MORE WE SAVE NATURAL RESOURCES AND ENERGY
To get paper and paperboard ricycling materials through the separate collection of rubbish regarding the one produced using cellulose, involves a saving of trees, water and electricity.
Here are some examples about how much we can save our raw materials, energy and resources, carrying out the separate collection of rubbish of paper and paperboard:
ORDINARY PRODUCTION OF PAPER AND PAPERBOARD FROM CELLULOSE
1 ton= 15 trees + 7600kWh + 1,80 m³ of water
PRODUCTION OF PAPER AND PAPERBOARD FROM THE SEPARATE COLLECTION OF RUBBISH
1 ton= 0 trees + 2700kWh + 1,80 m³ of water
SAVING OF RESOURCES ON OUR TERRITORY FROM THE YEAR 2001 TO 2007
THROUGH THE SEPARATE COLLECTION OF RUBBISH
63.039,5 ton= 945.593 saved trees = 308.893.550 kWh = 27.623.909 m³ of saved water
LESS WASTE TO SELL OFF
LESS EXPENSES FOR THE GARBAGE DISPOSAL
The waste which come from the separate collection of rubbish are subtracted to the not separated ones bounded to the disposal at the RDF (Refuse Derived Fuel). For every kilo of material coming from the separate collection of rubbish it's possible to save € 0,131 (£ 252) of disposal expense, 63.039,5 t of paper and paperboard collected in differed way haven't gone to the disposal allowing a saving of € 8.258.175,00.
63.039,5 t. of collected paper= no disposal expense= € 8.258.175,00 saved.
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